Get 8 different printable Alphabet Arcs to use with your students! They will help build speed, accuracy, and automaticity in alphabet knowledge, letter recognition, and sequencing.
The mats include 4 color & 4 black-and-white versions with either capital or lowercase letters. Some mats include the full alphabet and some include anchor letters A-MN-Z. So whatever supports the needs of your students, you can find it here as a free downloadable pdf!
🔤 What is an Alphabet Arc?
An alphabet arc is simple! It’s a mat with printed letters of the alphabet formatted in the shape of an arc, or a segment of a circle, just like a rainbow! It includes all of the letters from A-Z or anchor letters A-MN-Z.
Because we want you to have options, we’ve included 8 different alphabet arc printables. So if you’re teaching uppercase or lowercase letters, the entire alphabet, or just a few letters, we’ve got an alphabet arc that’ll suit you and your students!
💡 Why It’s Important
Using an alphabet arc is great for many things! It helps with…
- Letter Recognition
- Speed and Automaticity
- Alphabet Knowledge
- Visual Discrimination
- Letter Orientation
- Understanding Alphabetical Order
- Building General Sequencing Skills
- Developing Long-Term Memory
Alphabet knowledge is essential for EVERY student, including those with learning exceptionalities.
“Make certain that the child is secure in his knowledge of the letters of the alphabet. The alphabet is the cornerstone for all reading and spelling. Many students with dyslexia may be able to ‘sing’ or ‘chant’ the alphabet, yet they cannot touch and name nor recognize each of the individual letters of the alphabet.”The International Dyslexia Association Handbook (2019)
✨ Getting Started
👉 Kids can begin using alphabet arc mats once they know 4-5 letters. Keep adding letters to the activity as you introduce them.
👉 If you’re just starting to use alphabet arcs with your students, use the mats that include all 26 letters of the alphabet. When you feel like your child is developing automaticity and speed, you can switch to the partial Alphabet Arc mats that only include letters A, M, N, Z. These first, middle, and final letters of the alphabet serve as anchors, or springboards, for the letters that precede and follow.
👉 When using a partial alphabet arc mat, be sure that the entire alphabet is clearly within view so that children have the support they need. Hang an ABC chart or place an alphabet strip nearby the student.
🌈 How To Use Alphabet Arcs
There are many ways to use each alphabet arc. The activities and mats you choose will depend on the current levels, needs, and deficits of your students.
These are the three main ways of using the arcs, including step-by-step instructions to use the mats for letter matching, letter sounds, and word building.
Begin using an alphabet arc for letter matching since it is the most foundational of all activities. Start with the mat that includes all 26 letters of the alphabet.
Use either the capital or lowercase mat …whatever your preference! Begin this activity once kids can recognize 4-5 letters, and continue adding as you introduce new letters.
What You’ll Need: Alphabet arc with ALL letters, magnetic letters.
👌 Steps for Letter Matching
- Place the alphabet arc and magnetic letters on a flat surface. The letters you’re working on should be placed randomly in the middle of the arc.
- Students choose a letter, name the letter aloud, and match it to the letter on the alphabet arc.
- Children continue matching letters while saying the letter names until all letters have been matched, ensuring that the letters are oriented the right way. (Students should try to complete this portion as quickly as possible.)
- Once completed, students should touch each letter (starting with A) and sing the alphabet song. Be sure to sing slowly and work on 1-1 correspondence.
- At the end of the activity, children pick up each letter, say the letter name, and return the letter to the middle of the mat.
👉 When kids can quickly and easily complete these steps with the lowercase or capital mat letter mat, switch to the other. They’ll need to be firm in their letter recognition of both uppercase and lowercase letters.
👉 To extend deeper, provide kids with lowercase magnetic letters and have them match to the capital alphabet arc and vice versa.
Partial Alphabet Arc
Once kids can sequence all 26 letters of the alphabet with minimal support, switch to the partial alphabet arc. Kids repeat the same procedure listed above, but first place the anchor letters (A, M, N, Z) in place.
With the remaining 22 magnet letters in the center, kids work to sequence the letters in alphabetical order. Children can definitely use support as they do this, but you’ll want to gradually get them to the point where they can sequence the letters in the correct order from memory.
Letter-sound correspondence is a higher-level skill than alphabet recognition, but it can easily be practiced using an alphabet arc.
This is a great way to take an already-familiar activity and go deeper to help reinforce letter sounds. Be sure you only include the magnetic letters that have been explicitly taught for letter sounds.
What You’ll Need: Alphabet arc with ALL Letters (laminated), 26 magnetic letters, dry erase marker, eraser.
👌 Steps for Letter Sounds
- Place the alphabet arc and magnetic letters on a flat surface. Place the magnetic letters in the blank space in the center of the mat.
- Children quickly match the magnetic letters to the letters on the alphabet arc, saying the letter names as they match them on the arc.
- Once all letters are matched, the Teacher says: “Find the letter that says /m/.”
- Children repeat the sound /m/, then search for the letter on the arc.
- The child pulls down the letter that makes that sound. As they pull the letter down, they should say the letter name and sound: “M says /m/.”
- Kids then write the letter using a dry erase marker on the laminated mat, using proper letter formation.
- The teacher checks the letter and the student returns the letter back to the match on the arc.
- Repeat this process to practice multiple letter sounds!
To go even deeper, children will use the letters on the alphabet arc to spell words. This activity should be used after kids can sequence all 26 letters quickly and effortlessly using the partial alphabet arc.
They should also be able to segment sounds into individual phonemes (mat –> /m/ /a/ /t/). Children should know most letters and sounds (If not, that’s okay! Only choose words that include the sounds they know).
Since all of the magnetic letters will be in the shape of an arc for this activity, it will leave the entire middle space open for word building with magnetic letters.
What You’ll Need: Partial Alphabet arc, 26 magnetic letters A-Z, Elkonin boxes OR sound lines drawn on the mat.
👌 Steps for Word Building
- Place the partial alphabet arc mat on a flat surface.
- Children sequence all letters in order on the arc, using support as needed.
- The teacher dictates a word that follows a CVC pattern.
- Children repeat the word, then finger tap the sounds. Suggestion: You can draw Elkonin boxes or write sound lines in the middle the arc.
- Kids listen for and then locate the letters that make each sound, pulling down the letters starting with the initial, then medial, and final sounds.
- Once the letters have been pulled down to the center of the mat, children check their work. They touch under each letter, making sure the letter they see matches the sound they hear in the word.
- Children blend the word together, running their fingers under the letters and reading the word quickly.
- Children should return the letters to their match on the arc and repeat the process with a new word.
✨Tips & Ideas
- Enlarge and print the arcs on 18×24 paper. The magnetic letters fit PERFECTLY with this size.
- Print in color and laminate for extra durability.
- Use a timer! Have kids keep track of their time to see if they can ‘beat the clock’ from the last time!
- Keep ziplock baggies with the letters you’re working on for daily practice. This makes set-up and clean-up easy!
- Use with Pre-k, Kindergarten, 1st and 2nd Grade students.
Real-World Teaching Experience
I’ll never forget coming home from my first Orton-Gillingham Classroom Educator training and jumping right into it. At the suggestion of the OG Fellow who taught my class, I began by assessing my students’ alphabet knowledge.
At the time, I was working with a group of five 4th grade students who were reading below grade level. I gave them a blank piece of paper and asked them to write the letters of the alphabet with letters A-M on one line and letters N-Z on a second line. I never would have guessed what would happen next!
4 of the 5 students (80%) could not write the alphabet. Two students struggled with the sequence of letters, with a few out of order and a few letter reversals. Two students had such large deficits that they could not complete the task.
Only 1 fourth-grade student could properly write all of the letters of the alphabet in the correct sequence. None of these students had a documented disability, but it was crystal clear that there were giant gaps in their alphabet knowledge.
Since that moment many years ago, I’ve been dedicated to ensuring that my students have a solid foundation in letter knowledge. Using alphabet arcs has been one of the most impactful practices for establishing this ‘cornerstone’ needed for reading success.
More Alphabet Resources
- Beginning Sounds Cut and Paste
- Letter Tracing Worksheets
- Printable Phonetic Flashcards
- Printable Alphabet Booklet
🖨️ Download & Print Options
We’d love to hear about your experience using these printables! Please leave a comment below or tag us on Instagram @literacylearn.
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